Journal of Anesthesia and Surgery
Faster Recovery from Isoflurane N2O/O2- anesthesia using Quartz generated, High Frequency Low Energy Sinusoidal Waves - A Randomized Placebo Cross-Over Study in Rats
- 1Department of Vascular Surgery and Renal Transplantation, Heinrich-Heine University Clinics of Duesseldorf/Germany
- 2Department of Pharmacology & Physiology, University of the Pacific Dental School Webster Street, San Francisco, California/USA
Enno Freye, MD, PhD Färbistr.3, 7270 Davos-Platz, Switzerland, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Freye, E.,et al. Faster Recovery from Isoflurane N2O/O2-anesthesia using Quartz generated, High Frequency Low Energy Sinusoidal Waves - A Randomized Placebo Cross-Over Study in Rats –. (2016) J Anesth Surg 3(1): 1- 5.
©2016 Freye, E. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsIsoflurane-anesthesia; Electroencephalogram; Sinusoidal electromagnetic waves; Recovery rate from anesthesia.
The present study was undertaken to prove if the presently dominant quantitative “structure-activity relationship” theory of molecular signaling by means of chemical/physical binding, should rather be replaced by information processing using electromagnetic wave transmission.
Rats after a steady-state isoflurane N2O/O2-anesthesia were exposed to electromagnetic waves and the speed of recovery measured at regular intervals determining nociception, balancing on a rotary rod, and vigilance (EEG). Compared to recovery rate without exposure to electromagnetic waves the same animals demonstrated no difference in the return of nociception, a significant (p < 0.05) faster ability for balance on a rotary rod and a highly significant (p < 0.005) faster return in higher cortical centers and vigilance.
These preliminary data underline the connotation, that recovery from anesthesia can be hastened by means of sinusoidal electromagnetic waves possible via activation of mitochondrial ATP turnover.