Journal of Bioinformatics, Proteomics and Imaging Analysis
A Novel Imaging Analysis Method for Capturing Pharyngeal Constriction During Swallowing
- 1Department of Cellular Biology & Anatomy, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA
- 2Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC
William G. Pearson Jr, Department of Cellular Biology & Anatomy, Medical College of Georgia,
Augusta University, Augusta, GA, 30912, Tel : 706-721-3811; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Schwertner, R.W., et al. A Novel Imaging Analysis Method for Capturing Pharyngeal Constriction During Swallowing. (2016) Bioinfo Proteom Img Anal 2(1):92- 97.
© 2016 Schwertner, R.W. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
KeywordsDeglutition; Dysphagia; Biomechanics; Videofluoroscopy; Imaging analysis; Morphometrics
Videofluoroscopic imaging of swallowing known as the Modified Barium Study (MBS) is the standard of care for assessing swallowing difficulty. While the clinical purpose of this radiographic imaging is to primarily assess aspiration risk, valuable biomechanical data is embedded in these studies. Computational analysis of swallowing mechanics (CASM) is an established research methodology for assessing multiple interactions of swallowing mechanics based on coordinates mapping muscle function including hyolaryngeal movement, pharyngeal shortening, tongue base retraction, and extension of the head and neck, however coordinates characterizing pharyngeal constriction is undeveloped. The aim of this study was to establish a method for locating the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictors using hard landmarks as guides on MBS videofluoroscopic imaging, and to test the reliability of this new method. Twenty de-identified, normal, MBS videos were randomly selected from a database. Two raters annotated landmarks for the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictors frame-by-frame using a semi-automated MATLAB tracker tool at two time points. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to assess test-retest reliability between two raters with an ICC = 0.99 or greater for all coordinates for the retest measurement. MorphoJ integrated software was used to perform a discriminate function analysis to visualize how all 12 coordinates interact with each other in normal swallowing. The addition of the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictor coordinates to CASM allows for a robust analysis of the multiple components of swallowing mechanics interacting with a wide range of variables in both patient specific and cohort studies derived from common use imaging data..