Journal of Diabetes and Obesity
Association of Diabetes Mellitus and Nutritional Status in Children 7 to 11 Years with High Birth weight
- 1Department of Medical Sciences, “Manuel Fajard” Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba
- 2Department of Science, Research Center of Havana Reference Atherosclerosis ( CIRAH ), Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba
- 3Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Medical Sciences Carlos J Finlay Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba
- 4Medical University of Physical Culture, National Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Havana Cuba
Nuris Rodriguez Vargas, Department of Medical Sciences, “Manuel Fajardo” Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nuris, R.V., et al. Association of Diabetes Mellitus and Nutritional Status in Children 7 to 11 Years with High Birth weight. (2016) J Diabetes Obes 3(1): 1- 5.
© 2016 Nuris, R.V. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsDiabetes mellitus; High birth weight; Nutritional status
Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (DM2) is a chronic disease characterized by absolute or relative failure of a hormone produced by the pancreas, called insulin and is characterized by an alteration in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates[1-3].
Objective: Identify whether the high birth weight in children aged 7 to 11 years is a predictor for the association of overweight and obesity with diabetes mellitus.
Method: A descriptive study was conducted with a design case - control with children born between January 1992 and December 1995.
Results: Encontramos in the study group that overweight 2.85% is pre diabetic and 1, 44% diabetic, in obese 1.42% is pre-diabetic and diabetic 3.56%, where there Fisher’s P = 0.0002 association between nutritional status (overweight, obesity) pre diabetes and diabetes; in the control group, in overweight we found that 3.00% diabetic and diabetic pre 0.00% in obese diabetic pre 1.00% and 2.00% with a diabetic Fisher’s P = 0, 0343, existing association between nutritional status and pre-diabetes and diabetes in this group association between nutritional status and diabetes was also found, so there is no difference in the two groups, but we must note that in the study group his association was stronger. In our study is not high birth weight per, association for diabetes.
Conclusion: The high birth weight (macrosomia) does not constitute per se a predictor for the association of malnutrition by excess and diabetes, association for excess malnutrition and diabetes in both groups.