Journal of Environment and Health Science
Determining Underground Mining Work Postures Using Motion Capture and Digital Human Modeling
Mine Safety and Health Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh, USA
Timothy J. Lutz, Mechanical Engineer, DHHS/CDC/NIOSH/PMRD, 626 Cochrans Mill Rd, Pittsburgh PA15236, Tel: 1-412-386-4904; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lutz, T.J., et al. Determining Underground Mining Work Postures Using Motion Capture and Digital Human Modeling. (2016) J Environ Health Sci 2(6): 1- 6.
© 2016 Lutz, T.J. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsMine safety; Posture identification; Motion capture; Underground coal; Proximity detection
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs. One research goal of NIOSH is to enhance the proximity detection system by improving its capability to track and determine identity, position, and posture of multiple workers, and to selectively disable machine functions to keep workers and machine operators safe. Posture of the miner can determine the safe working distance from a CMM by way of the variation in the proximity detection magnetic field. NIOSH collected and analyzed motion capture data and calculated joint angles of the back, hips, and knees from various postures on 12 human subjects. The results of the analysis suggests that lower body postures can be identified by observing the changes in joint angles of the right hip, left hip, right knee, and left knee.