Journal of Diabetes and Obesity
Evolution of the diet plan for patients with diabetes mellitus
- 1Department of Nutrition Sciences at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- 2Department of Biological Sciences at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- 3Department of Food Science and Technology at the Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
- #Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Brazil
Débora L Souto, 360 Felisbelo Freire Street, Apartament 202 – District: Ramos Rio de Janeiro, RJ,Brazil, Zip Code: 21031-250, Tel: 55 (21) 2260-4139; E-mail: email@example.com
Souto, D.L., et al. Evolution of the Diet Plan for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (2014) J Diabetes Obes 1(2): 50-53.
© 2014 Souto, D.L. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Keywordsdiabetes; glycemic control; carbohydrate-counting; glycemic index; low-carbs.
A disciplined diet is essential to improve the glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the evolution of the nutrition recommendations for people with diabetes. We reviewed the most common restrictive and non-restrictive diets, pointing advantages and disadvantages of the starvation, low-carbs, high-carbohydrate, glycemic index, exchange lists, carbohydrate counting, high-fat, and high-protein diets. In conclusion, the best macronutrient distribution depending on individual circumstances, and each patient should receive individualized dietary counseling to optimize theirs blood glucose control.