Journal of Dentistry and Oral Care
Impact of Ergonomics on Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Dental College of King Saud University
- 1Maxillofacial department, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia
- 2Endodontic department, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia
- 3King Khalid hospital, Dental specialty center, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
- 4Oral medicine department, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed S Al Qarni, Maxillofacial Department, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Al-Qarni, M. S. et al. Impact of Ergonomics on Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Dental College of King Saud University. (2015) J Dent & Oral Care 1(1): 1- 5.
© 2015 Al-Qarni, M. S. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsDental students; Musculoskeletal disorders; Work characteristics; Work environment; Ergonomics.
Objectives: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are one of the main occupational health hazards affecting dental practitioners. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of Work- related Musculoskeletal Disorder (WMSD) amongst dental students. Possible correlations with the working environment and ergonomics taught among dental students in Collage of Dentistry of King Saud University in Riyadh (KSA) in their clinical and non-clinical years.
Subjects & Methods: Randomly chosen dental students in King Saud University participated in this cross-sectional study. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used to establish the point prevalence of WMSD in the dental students based on various body regions. The questionnaire also collected data regarding the working environment, clinical practice and the taught ergonomics of the students during their training years.
Results: Out of two hundred forty two (242) of dental students who participated in the study, 200 were in their clinical years while 42 were students in their non- clinical years. (68.2%) of the clinical year students reported symptoms of WMSDs in one or more body regions. Female students reported a significantly higher numbers of symptoms compared to male students. The neck (83.1%) and lower back (84.7%) were reported to have the highest prevalence of WMSD. Discomfort in the neck region was found to be associated with self-reported frequency of bending of the neck. A majority of students (94.2%) reported minimum participation in workshops related to ergonomics in dentistry and (86.8%) were unfamiliar with treatment and remedies available in the case of WMSDs.
Conclusion: There was more WMSDs seen in dental students who had started their clinical years. Neck and lower back are more injury prone areas and are at increased risk of developing WMSDs. Theory and practice of ergonomics should be incorporated into the dental undergraduate curriculum.