International Journal of Food and Nutritional Science
Nutrition Solutions to Counter Health Impact of Air Pollution: Scientific Evidence of Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamins Alleviating Some Harmful Effects of PM2.5
- 1DSM Nutrition Products, Human Nutrition and Health, Beijing, China
- 2DSM Nutrition Products, Human Nutrition and Health, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland
- 3DSM Nutrition Products, Nutritional Lipids, Columbia, MA, USA
- 4DSM Nutrition Products, China Innovation Center, Shanghai, China
- 5School of Public Health, Soochow University, Suzhou, China
Weiguo Zhang, DSM Nutrition Products, Human Nutrition and Health, Beijing, China. E-mail:email@example.com
Zhang, W. et al. Nutrition Solutions to Counter Health Impact of Air Pollution: Scientific Evidence of Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamins Minimizing Some Harms of PM2.5. (2015) J Food Nutr Sci 2(1): 58-63.
© 2015 Zhang, W. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsAir pollution/pollutants; Fine particular matter (PM2.5); Vitamins Docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids (DHA and EPA); Heart rate variability (HRV); Oxidative stress
Inhaling polluted air, especially air containing fine particulate matter (i.e. PM2.5) constitutes an environmental risk that has proven impact on the quality and duration of human life. The objective of this article is to highlight human clinical investigations in which vitamins and marine-derived long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (i.e. fish oil or docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids) were administrated to minimize certain detrimental responses to PM2.5 exposure. The results from both randomized and cohort studies in last decade demonstrated that PM2.5 exposure induced unfavorable physiological and biochemical responses (i.e. heart rate variability reduction and oxidative stress) in human body. Supplementation of fish oil, some B vitamins, vitamin E and C abrogated these responses. A large number of the world’s population are now exposed to air pollution daily, which will largely remain for many years. These studies hold promise for nutrition to play a role in ameliorating some detrimental responses to PM2.5. Future investigations are warranted to determine whether long-term administration of these nutrients improves PM2.5-related clinical endpoints e.g. cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes.