Journal of Medicinal Chemistry and Toxicology
Pesticide Residues in Food Grains, Vegetables and Fruits: A Hazard to Human Health
- 1Jan Nayak Ch. Devi Lal Memorial College of Pharmacy, Sirsa, 125055, Haryana, India
- 2Shivalik College of Pharmacy, Nangal, 140126, Punjab, India
Ajmer Singh Grewal, Jan Nayak Ch. Devi Lal Memorial College of Pharmacy, Sirsa, 125055, Haryana, India; Tel: 91-9416700430; E-mail: email@example.com
Grewal, A.S., et al. Pesticide Residues in Food Grains, Vegetables and Fruits: A Hazard to Human Health. (2017) J Med Chem Toxicol 2(1): 40- 46.
© 2017 Grewal, A.S. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsHazards; Human health; Natural pesticides; Organic farming; Organophosphates; Pesticides; Pesticide residues
Pesticides are widely used in agriculture mainly to increase crop yields to cater huge supply of food products for increasing world population as well as to protect crops from pests and control insect-borne diseases. Increased use of pesticides results in contamination of the environment and the excess accumulation of pesticide residues in food products, which has always been a matter of serious concern. Pesticide residues in food and crops aredirectly related to the irrational application of pesticides to the growing crops. Accumulated pesticide residues in food products have been associated with a broad variety of human health hazards, ranging from short-term effects to longterm toxic effects. The preventive measures for pesticide residues in the developing countries are limited due to a shortage of funds and lack of defined government regulations. The impact of pesticide residues can be minimized by taking certain measures such as the rational use of pesticides, promoting organic farming, exploit natural and bio pesticides, and proper implementation and amendment of pesticide-related laws. The present article has been planned to review various aspects of pesticide residues including their accumulation in food products, impact on human health, and the preventive measures to counter their toxic effects.