International Journal of Food and Nutritional Science
Preliminary Study: Role of the Combination of Spirulina and Morinda Citrifolia in the control of Hyperglycemia in Omani Diabetic Patients
- 1Department of Health Sciences, Ministry of Health, Oman, Muscat
- 2Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, Egypt
- 3Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Kubang Kerian, Malaysia
Badriya Al-Rahbi, Department of Ministry of Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Oman, Muscat, Tel: 0096824560085; Fax: 0096824560384; Ext: 1005; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Al-Rahbi, B., et al. Preliminary Study: Role of the Combination of Spirulina and Morinda Citrifolia in the control of Hyperglycemia in Omani Diabetic Patients. (2016) Int J Food Nutr Sci 3(2): 385-388.
© 2016 Al-Rahbi, B. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsSpirulina; Morinda citrifolia; Diabetes mellitus and blood glucose
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hyper aminoacidemia, and hypoinsulinemia that leads to a reduction in both insulin secretion and insulin action.
The combination of Spirulina and Morinda citrifolia as functional supplements are emerging as important therapeutic food. This preliminary study was aimed to evaluate the hypoglycaemic and hypolipidemic effects of combining Spirulina and Morinda citrifolia to subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus using a daily dose of 4 g/weight/day tablets for 4 months of Spirulina and 40 ml/day for Morinda citrifolia juice with standard insulin treatment in comparison with diabetic subjects receiving type 1 standard diabetes treatment, insulin injections only.
Pre-intervention and post intervention fasting blood glucose levels, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) serum levels of the diabetic subjects were measured. Four months supplementation of combined Spirulina and Morinda citrifolia resulted in an appreciable lowering of fasting blood glucose blood serum levels. A significant reduction in the HbA1c level was also observed, indicating improved long-term glucose regulation.
These findings suggest the beneficial effect of combining Spirulina with Morinda citrifolia supplements in controlling blood glucose levels and in improving components of the lipid profile of Omani subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus.