Journal of Anesthesia and Surgery
Prevention of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications-Multidisciplinary Approach
1Specialist anaesthesiologist, NMC hospital DIP, Dubai, UAE
2Specialist General and Laparoscopic surgeon; NMC Hospital DIP, Dubai, UAE
3Specialist Anaesthesiologist, Life LineHospital, Dubai, UAE
4Consultant Anaesthesiologist; Al Zahra Hospital, Sarjah, UAE
Surjya Prasad Upadhyay, Specialist anaesthesiologist, NMC hospital DIP, Dubai, UAE, Tel: 00971554078445; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Upadhyay, S.P., et al. “Prevention of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications-Multidisciplinary Approach. (2014) J Anesth Surg 2(2): 46-53.
© 2015 Upadhyay SP. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsPostoperative; Pulmonary complications; Acute lung injury; Lung protection; Fast tracking; Multi-modal; Multidisciplinary.
Postoperative pulmonary complications such as Pneumonia, Acute Lung Injury (ALI), Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) substantially increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, length of hospitalisation and financial burden. Risk factors can be broadly categorized into patient related, procedure related, anaesthesia related and post procedural care related. The prevention of postoperative ALI requires a comprehensive approach that includes preoperative risk stratification and optimizations, intraoperative lung protective strategies that includes lung protective ventilation, regional analgesia technique, avoiding excessive fluid, minimising blood and blood product transfusion, control oxygen therapy. Postoperative part is equally important and required multidisciplinary multi-model approach that includes- fast tracking protocol for enhanced recovery, good analgesia using multi-model therapy to minimised systemic opioid, vigilance monitoring, physiotherapy and lung expansion maneuvers including use of non-invasive ventilation in selected patients and other supportive care such as nutritional support, glycemic control, selective gastric drainage, thrombo-prophylaxis and early empirical antibiotic therapy in suspected infection and sepsis.