Journal of Analytical, Bioanalytical and Separation Techniques
Seasonal Variation of Sargassum Muticum Biochemical Composition Determined by Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy
- 1Université de Nantes, GEPEA-UMR CNRS 6144, F-44600 Saint-Nazaire, France
- 2Université Bretagne Sud, EA 3884, LBCM, IUEM, F-56000 Vannes, France
- 3Diponegoro University, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Marine Science Department, Semarang, 50275 Indonesia
- 4Université de Bretagne Occidentale, LEMAR-UMR CNRS IRD IFREMER 6539, F-29280 Plouzané, France
Vandanjon Laurent, Université de Nantes, GEPEA-UMR CNRS 6144, F-44600 Saint-Nazaire, France, Université Bretagne Sud, EA 3884, LBCM, IUEM, F-56000 Vannes, France, Tel: 33 297017125; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Vandanjon Laurent., et al. Seasonal Variation of Sargassum Muticum Biochemical Composition Determined by Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy. (2017) J Anal Bioanal Sep Tech 2(2): 1- 10.
© 2017 Vandanjon Laurent. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
KeywordsFTIR spectroscopy; Colorimetric method; Biochemical composition; Seasonal variation, Sargassum muticum
Proliferation of the introduced brown macro alga Sargassum muticum is known as a natural and hard to control phenomenon occurring along the Atlantic coasts. The phenomenon causes serious troubles for local ecosystems including the alteration of ecosystem structure, the reduction in indigenous biodiversity and economic losses (tourism, aquaculture). However, despite the serious troubles caused by S. muticum, this species contains highly remarkable bioactive metabolites. This macro alga is at present under-exploited and the valorization of its metabolites to give a positive value to this seaweed could be a solution of ecosystemic service. Biorefinery process could be one solution to valorize S. muticum. Comprehensive knowledge concerning the biochemical composition of S. muticum and the impact of environmental factors, particularly seasons, on its composition is a prerequisite before its valorization. In this study, the biochemical composition of S. muticum was evaluated by using classic colorimetric methods based on chemical analysis and Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectrometry (FTIR), and was used as a rapid and safe method that could bring advantages in screening studies and a more comprehensive management and use of seaweed products. Our results are globally in accordance, notably for phenolic compounds, showing the relevance of the use of infrared spectrometry. Moreover, based on the absorption bands of some specific and valuable compounds shown by FTIR, there was a seasonal variation in the polysaccharides, i.e., uronic acids and sulphated compounds, together with phenolic contents of S. muticum.