Research Scholar


Norma-Rashid is an avid researcher on faunistic living treasures with an extensive field experience. Her job involves four domains teaching, research, administration and providing scientific services to a wider community. The central theme of her research interest is behavioural ecology in the laboratory or various ecosytems (mangrove, marine, riverine, agricultural and forest) in wide ranging animals (insects, spiders & scorpions, selected vertebrates including humans). Currently, she has developed a passion for various aspects (biomonitoring, biocoenosis, ecomorphometrics, taxonomy, behaviour and ecology of dragonflies & spiders. She has described a myriad of species found to be new local records or new to science promoting Malaysian megabiodiversity. Being the only trained local odonatist led her to many connections and recognitions of international repute.


Area of Interest

Behavioural Ecology

Ethology & Neurophysiology

Hemispheric Specialization

Fauna Biodiversity & Conservation

Biology of Odonata

Biology of Arachnida

top publication

1. Low,VL, Tay,ST, Koh,FX, Tan,TK, Lim,YAL, Ong,BL, Panchadcharam,C., Norma-Rashid,Y., and Sofian-Azirun,M. 2015. Molecular characterisation of the tick Rhipicephalus microplus in Malaysia: new insights into the cryptic diversity and distinct genetic assemblages throughout the world, Parasites & Vectors, 8:341. DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0956-5

2. Xin Xu, Fengxiang Liu, Ren-Chung Cheng, Jian Chen, Xiang Xu, Zhisheng Zhang, Hirotsugu Ono, Dinh Sac Pham, Y. Norma-Rashid, Miquel A. Arnedo, Matjaz Kunter and Daiqin Li. 2015. Extant primitively segmented spiders have recently diversified from an ancient lineage. Proc. R. Soc. B 282: 20142486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.2486

3. Low VL, Takaoka H, Adler PH, Ya'cob Z, Norma-Rashid Y, Chen CD & Sofian-Azirun M. 2015. A multi-locus approach resolves the phylogenetic relationships of the Simulium asakoae and Simulium ceylonicum species groups (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Malaysia: evidence for distinct evolutionary lineages. Medical and Veterinary Entomology DOI: 10.1111/mve.12120

4. S. Farizawati, M. Fauzi, M.Y. Ruslan, Y. Norma-Rashid, Y.F. Ng & A.G. Idris. 2014. The diversity of odonates in five islands within the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Academic Journal of Entomology. 7(3):102- 108.

5. Chee Dhang Chen, Han Lim Lee, Koon Weng Lau, Abdul Ghani Abdullah, Swee Beng Tan, Ibrahim Sa diyah, Yusoff Norma-Rashid, Pei Fen Oh, Chi Kian Chan, Mohd Sofian-Azirun. 2014. Biting behavior of Malaysian mosquitoes, Aedes albopictus Skuse, Armigeres kesseli Ramalingam, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Culex vishnui Theobald obtained from urban residential areas in Kuala Lumpur. Asian Biomedicine Vol. 8 No. 3 June 2014; 315 - 321.

6. Shahrizuan Shafiril, Amri Yusoff & Norma Che Yusoff. 2014. The Development of an Automated System in Detecting Environmental Data for the Monitoring of Forest Activity. APCBEE Procedia. SciVerse ScienceDirect. 1-8.

7. VL Low, PE Lim, CD Chen, Yvonne AL Lim, TK Tan, Y Norma-Rashid, HL Lee & M Sofian-Azirun. 2014. Mitochondrial DNA analyses reveal low genetic diversity in Culex quinquefasciatus from residential areas in Malaysia. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Vol 28: 157-168.

8. Joseph K.H. Koh, Y. Norma-Rashid & James W.B. Koh. 2013. A preliminary checklist of Sarawak spiders. Sarawak Museum Journal. Vol. LXXI, No. 92.

9. Saleeza, SNR, Y Norma-Rashid and M Sofian Azirun. 2013. Mosquito species and outdoor breeding places in residential areas in MalaysiaA. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 44(6): 963-969.

10. Van Lun Low, Chee Dhang Chen, Han Lim Lee, Tiong Kai Tan, Chin Fong Chen, Cherng Shii Leong, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Phaik Eem Lim, Yusoff Norma-Rashid, Mohd Sofian-Azirun. 2013. Enzymatic Characterization of Insecticide Resistance Mechanisms in Field Populations of Malaysian Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) PLOS ONE. 8(11): 1-8.

11. Chen, C.D., Nazni, W.A., Lee, H.L., Norma-Rashid, Y. Lardizabal, M.L. and Sofian-Azirun, M. 2013. Temephos resistance in field Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus Skuse from Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 30(2): 220-230.

13. Yang, X.F., Y. Norma-Rashid, Lourenco, W.R. 2013. True Lateral Eye Numbers For Extant Buthids: A New Discovery On Old Character. Research Article. Published 30 Jan 2013. PLOS ONE.

14. Norma-Rashid, Y, H.W. Teoh. 2012. Mammals and Birds in Coastal Swamps (mud flats, mangroves and peat swamps). In (eds: Sasekumar, A & V.C. Chong) Mangrove and Coastal Environment of Selangor, Malaysia. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences. University of Malaya. University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur. pp 139-151. ISBN 978-967-0380- 10-0.

15. Nada, B., L.G. Kirton, Y. Norma-Rashid S. Cheng, L. Shahlinnery and C.K. Phon. 2012. Monitoring the Fireflies of the Selangor River. In (eds: Sasekumar, A & V.C. Chong). Mangrove and Coastal Environment of Selangor, Malaysia. Institute of Ocean and Earth Studies, University of Malaya. Univ Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur. pp 153-162. ISBN 978-967- 0380- 10

16. Khaironizam, M.Z. Norma-Rashid, Y 2012. Distribution of Mudskippers (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) on the Selangor Coast. In (eds: Sasekumar, A. & V.C. Chong) Mangrove and Coastal Environment of Selangor, Malaysia. Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences. University of Malaya. University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur. pp 105-116. ISBN 978-967-0380- 10-0

17. Saleeza. S.N.R., Norma-Rashid Y, M. Sofian Azirun. 2011. Mosquitoes Larval Breeding Habitat in Urban and Suburban Areas, Peninsular Malaysia. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58: 569- 573

18. Norma-Rashid, Y., Y.C. Choong and Y.F. Ng. 2011. The Dragonfly Fauna (Adults) of Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. In: Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 'The Hidden Jewel of Sarawak'. Proceedings of Seminar on Lanjak Entimau Scientific Expedition. Akademi Sains Malaysia. pgs: 323-330. ISBN 978-983-9445-53-4.

19. Yap, LMYL., Y. Norma-Rashid, FLJ. Liu, D. Li. 2011. Comparative Biology of Cave Spitting Spiders (Araneae: Scytodidae): Parental care, Cooperative Prey-Capture, Cannibalism, Natal Dispersal and Reproductive Behaviour. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology59(2): 269-284.

20. Norma-Rashid, Y. 2010 Odonata of Fraser’s Hill, Montane Ecozones with Conservation Implications. Proc. National Biodiversity Seminar 2008.(Eds. Mohd Nawayai Y et. al). 49-60. ISBN 978-967-5557-05-07

21. Norma-Rashid, Y. 2010. Dragonflies (Odonata) of Coastal Bachok, Kelantan and Promoting Common Names. Malaysian Journal of Science 28 (Special Issue): 73-79.

22. Norma-Rashid, Y, N.A.Rahman & D. Li. 2009. Mangrove spiders (Araneae) of Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Zoological Research. Volume 5(1): 9-15. 23. Norma-Rashid, Y. D. Li. 2009. A checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Peninsular Malaysia inclusive of twenty new records. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 57(2): 305-322.

24. Norma-Rashid, Y. Sofian-Azirun, M, Rosli Ramli & Rosli Hashim. 2008. Dragonflies on the islands in the Stratits of Malacca. Malaysian Journal of Science. 27(3): 105-111.

25. Norma-Rashid, Y. L.F. Cheong, H.K. Lua & D.H. Murphy. 2008. The dragonflies (Odonata) of Singapore: Current Status Records and Collections of the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research. Singapore.21pp Uploaded 07. Nov. 2008.