Jimmy T. Efrid

Director, Associate Professor


Dr. Jimmy Efird is Assistant Director of the Center for Health Disparities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University (ECU). He also serves as Director of Epidemiology and Outcomes Research for the ECU Heart Institute and is an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences. He has over 185 publications in scientific journals and technical proceedings


Area of Interest

Dr. Efird’s research interests include cancers of the CNS, lung, and breast..

top publication

Peer Reviewed Publications
1. Landrine H, Corral I, Hall M, Bess J, Efird J. Self-rated health objective health and racial discrimination among African-Americans. Health Psychol (In-Press).
2. Efird J, Griffin W, Sarpong D, Davies S, Vann I, Koutlas N, Anderson E, Crane P, Landrine H, Kindell L, Iqbal Z, Ferguson T, Chitwood R, Kypson A. Increased long-term mortality among CABG patients receiving preoperative inotropic agents. IJERPH (In-Press, IJERPH-7420).
3. Efird J, O’Neal W, Davies S, Shiue K, Grzybowski M, Kindell L, Kypson A, Bowling M, Ferguson T, Alger L, Crane P. Length of stay and long-term survival after cardiac surgery among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AJCC (In-Press, AJCC-D-14-00048R2).
4. Sharma S, Mather P, Efird J, Kahn D, Cheema M, Rubin S, Reeves G, Bonita R, Malloy R, Whellan D. Photoplythesmographic signal to screen sleep-disordered breathing in hospitalized heart failure patients: feasibility of a prospective clinical pathway. JACC Heart Failure (In-Press, JHF121814-0513RR).
5. Biswas T, Walker P, Podder T, Efird J. Effect of race and insurance on the outcome of stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Anticancer Research (In-Press, 19189-B).
6. Katunga L, Gudimella P, Efird J, Abernathy S, Mattox T, Beatty C, Darden T, Thayne K, Alwair H, Kypson A, Virag J, Anderson E. Obesity in a model of gpx4 haploinsufficiency uncovers a causal role for lipid-derived aldehydes in human metabolic disease and cardiomyopathy. Mol Metab (In-Press, MOLMET-D-15-00040R1).
7. O’Neal W, Tanner R, Efird J, Baber U, Alonso A, Howard V, Howard G, Muntner P, Soliman E. Atrial fibrillation and incident end-stage renal disease: The Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Int J Cardiol 2015;185:219-223. PMID 25797681.
8. O’Neal W, Efird J, Kamel H, Nazarian S, Alonso A, Heckbert S, Longstreth W, Soliman E. The association of the QT interval with atrial fibrillation and stroke: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Clin Res Cardiol 2015 [Epub ahead of print], doi: 10.1007.s0092-015-0838-z. PMID 25752461.
9. Sharma S, Mather P, Efird J, Kahn D, Shiue K, Cheema M, Malloy R, Quan S. Obstructive sleep apnea in obese hospitalized patients – A single center experience. J Clin Sleep Med 2015;pii:jc-00378-14. PMID 25766715.
10. Efird J, O’Neal W, Griffin W, Anderson E, Davies, Landrine H, O’Neal J, Shiue K, Kindell L, Ferguson T, Chitwood R, Kypson A. Increased Coronary Artery Disease Severity in Black Women Undergoing Coronary Bypass Surgery. Medicine 2015;94:e552. PMID 25700324.
11. Davies S, Leonard K, Falls R, Mageau R, Efird J, Hollowed J, Trainor W, Kanaan H, Hickner R, Sawyer P, Poulin N, Waibel B, Toschlog E. Lung protective ventilation (ARDSNet) versus airway pressure release ventilation: ventilation management in a combined model of acute lung and brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2015;78:240-251. PMID 2557107.
12. Bowling M, Kohan M, Walker P, Efird J, Ben Or S. The effect of general anesthesia versus intravenous sedation on diagnostic yield and success in electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2015;22:5-13. PMID 25590477.
13. Sharma S, Efird J, Knapp C, Kadali R, Liles D, Shiue K, Boettger P, Quan S. Sleep disorders in adult sickle cell patients. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015;11:219-223. PMID 25515282.
14. Efird J, Landrine H, Shiue K, O’Neal W, Podder T, Rosenman J. Race, insurance type, and stage of presentation among lung cancer patients. SpringerPlus 2014, 3:710 http://www.springerplus.com/content/3/1/710. PMID 25674451.
15. Sherer A, Crane P, Abel W, Efird J. Predicting heart failure readmissions. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID 25513988.
16. O’Neal W, Efird J, Nazarian S, Heckbert A, Soliman E. Mitral annular calcification and incident atrial fibrillation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Athersoclerosis. Europace. 2014 Oct 23. pii: euu265. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID 25341740.
17. Davies S, Efird J, Guidry C, Penn R, Sawyer R, Schirmer B, Hallowell P. 21st Century Weight Loss: Banding Versus Bypass. Surgical Endosc 2014 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID 25106724.
18. Davies S, Efird J, Guidry C, MSc; Metzger R, Swenson B, Sawyer R. Characteristics of Surgical Patients Receiving Inappropriate Empiric Antimicrobial Therapy. J Trauma and Acute Care Surg 2014;77:546-554. PMID 25051386
19. O’Neal W, Efird J, Nazarian S, Alonso A, Heckbert S, Soliman E. Peripheral arterial disease and risk of atrial fibrillation and stroke: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Am Heart Assoc 2014 Nov 17;3(6). pii: e001270. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.114.001270. PMID 25404190.
20. O’Neal W, Efird J, Yeboah J, Nazarian S, Alonso A, Heckbert S, Soliman E. Brachial flow-mediated dilation and incident atrial fibrillation: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Athersclerosis. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2014;34:2717-2720. PMID 25341797.
Book Chapters
1. Efird J, Biswas T, Sarpong D, Gouge C (2012). Collection, Analysis and Data Presentation. In: Fundamentals of Clinical Trial and Research, Rajiv Saini (Ed.), IBSN: 978-81-8191-378-4
2. Efird J (2011). Epidemiology of Glioma. In: Glioma – Exploring Its Biology and Practical Relevance, Anirban Ghosh (Ed.), IBSN: 978-953-307-379-8, In Tech, Available: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/epidemiology-of-glioma.
3. Efird J, Pardo F. A non-parametric two-sample survival test based on a single occupancy Fermi-Dirac model for the discrete range distribution. In Lifetime Data Models in Reliability and Survival Analysis. N.P. Jewell et al. (eds) Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995;93-97.
4. Debus J, Hug E, Liebsch N, O’Farrel D, Finkelstein D, Efird J, Munzenrider J. Dose-volume tolerance of the brainstem after high-dose radiotherapy. In Controversies in Neuro-Oncology, Wiegel T, Hinkelbein W, Brock M, Hoell T (eds), Front Radiat Ther Oncol, Karger (Basel), 1999;33:305-314.